the Spectrum Of Light Energy

                            Last Updated December 17, 2001

                                  Table Of Contents

          0.0:  Introduction
          0.1:  Contact Information
          0.2:  Definition Of Terms
          1.0:  Red
          2.0:  Blue
          3.0:  Green
          4.0:  Yellow
          5.0:  Black
          6.0:  Brown
          7.0:  White
          8.0:  Gray
          9.0:  Purple And Violet
          10.0:  Orange
          11.0:  Notes
          12.0:  Metals
          13.0:  Precious and Semi-precious Stones

                                     End Of Table

                                 0.0:  Introduction 

               the  discussion of  color arose  on  a mailing  list on  the
          internet where subscribers  are blind.  I am blind,  too, but had
          sight  until I was  about the age  of eleven.   Though I remember
          colors well, I also enjoy writing.   So I started, some time ago,
          a file  with color descriptions  simply for my own  personal use.
          The internet discussion, however, challenged me to expand my list
          to offer an  explanation of color for those who  have never seen.
          If you have any  suggestions, resources to which I can  refer, or
          additional input of any kind, please email me.

               "The color of God" is not my own.  I was reading a spy novel
          a long  time ago and one of the  characters was a former American
          astronaut.   He had  some sort of  spiritual experience  while in
          space  and when he  return, he apparently began  to evolve, as it
          were, into some form of higher being.  He asked someone, "What is
          the color  of God."  That's  a good question.  Maybe  some of the
          following information will help answer that question.

                              0.1:  Contact Information

          Phil Scovell
          Denver, Colorado USA

                              0.2:  Definition Of Terms

          Spectrum Defined.
          The distribution of energy emitted by a radiant source,  as by an
          incandescent body, arranged in order of wavelengths.

          Light Defined.
          A Electromagnetic radiation  that has a  wavelength in the  range
          from  about  3,900 to  about  7,700  angstroms  and that  may  be
          perceived by the unaided, normal human eye.

          A  unit of  length  equal  to one  hundred  millionth  (108 of  a
          centimeter, used to  specify radiation wavelengths.   Named after
          Anders Jonas  Angstro m 1814-1874.

          Color Defined.
          Visible energy.

                                      1.0:  Red

               Red is  a dark  color and  normally used  in the  context of
          something bright.   Apples, ketchup and blood are  generally used
          to reference the color red.

          * Descriptions Of Red.

          Apple Red.  Dark red to pale red.
          Bay.  Reddish brown.
          Beet Red.  Dark red.
          Blood Red.  Dark red or crimson.
          Burnt.  Reddish brown or dark reddish orange.  See (sienna).
          Burnt Rose.  A dark brownish red.
          Cardinal.  A bright red.
          Cherry Red.  Bright to moderate red.
          Copper Red.  Very dark red but more brown than red.
          Coral.  A deep or strong pink to moderate red or reddish orange. 
          Crimson.  A deep purplish red.
          Fiery Red.  Reddish yellow but red is predominate.
          Hot Pink.  Bright strong pink.
          Mahogany.  Moderate reddish brown but often more brown than red.
          Maroon.  A dark reddish brown to dark purplish red.
          Neon Pink.  Glowing illuminating pink.
          Pink.  Very light red, close to white.
          Puce.  A deep red to dark grayish purple.
          Raspberry Red.  A deep purplish red.
          Rose.  Light red to dark red.
          Ruby.  A dark or deep red to deep purplish translucent red.
          Ruddy.  Reddish in color.
          Rusty.  Reddish brown.
          Scarlet.  A strong to vivid red or reddish orange.
          Strawberry.  Reddish; light red to dark pink.
          Sun Burst Red.  Bright illuminated red.
          Tomato Red.  Strong Red.
          Vermilion.  Bright red.

                                      2.0:  Blue

               Blue is normally considered to be  a dark color but, as with
          all colors, it can also be  many shades from light to dark.   The
          sky and the ocean are predominately blue.

          * Descriptions Of Blue.

          Aquamarine.  Bluish Green.
          Azure.  A light purplish blue.
          Baby Blue.  Light to pale blue or greenish or purplish blue.
          Cobalt Blue.  Glassy or ceramic blue.
          Cornflower Blue.  Powdery light blue.
          Diamond Blue.  Sparkling blue and translucent.
          Egg Shell Blue.  Normally considered a light shade of blue.
          Electric Blue.  Bright metallic illuminating blue.
          Ice Blue.  Glassy, transparent or translucent blue.
          Indigo.  Blue to grayish purple blue.
          Metallic blue.  Silvery, or somewhat reflective, blue.
          Midnight Blue.  Dark blue; almost black.
          Navy Blue.  A dark grayish blue.
          Neon Blue.  Glowing illuminating blue.
          Ocean Blue.  Normally considered a darker shade of blue.
          Peacock Blue.  A moderate to strong greenish blue.
          Powder Blue.  A light pale blue.
          Rich Blue.  Bright clear blue.
          Robin Egg Blue.  A very pale, or light, blue.
          Royal Blue.  A deep to strong blue.
          Sapphire.  A rich blue.  sometimes a light green mixed.
          Sky Blue.  Deep blue to light or pale  blue.  Normally dark blue.
          Turquoise.  Bluish green.

                                     3.0:  Green

               Green is the color of fresh grass, evergreen trees, and most
          leaves on  trees before they  turn different colors in  the fall.
          Generally, grass is  somewhat a lighter shade of  green than tree
          leaves but grass can be very dark at times.

          * Descriptions Of Green.

          Apple Green.  A moderate or vivid yellow green to light or strong
               yellowish green.
          Alpine Green.  A fresh bright green.
          Bottle Green.  Light to moderate green.
          Celery Green.  A pale green.
          Chartreuse.  A strong to brilliant greenish yellow to moderate or
               strong yellow green.
          Cyan.  Greenish blue.
          Electric Green.  Metallic illuminating bright green.
          Emerald.  A strong yellowish green.
          Evergreen.  Fresh dark green.
          Forrest Green.  Bright green.
          Hunter Green.  Dark green.
          Jade.  Pale green.
          Kelly Or Kelly Green.  A strong yellowish green.
          Khaki Green.  Olive Green.
          Lime.  Yellowish green but leaning toward yellow.
          Metallic Green.  Silvery, or somewhat reflective, green.
          Mint Green.  Pale to light green.
          Moss Green.  A moderate yellow green to grayish or moderate olive
               or dark yellowish green. 
          Olive.  Yellowish  green.  Normally green is  the dominate color.
          Pea Green.  Moderate to dark green.
          Pine Green.  A fresh dark green.
          Sea Green.  Greenish blue.
          Spring Green.  Fresh new light to medium green.
          Teal.  Moderate bluish green to greenish blue.
          Turtle Shell Green.  Light to dark green.

                                     4.0:  Yellow

               Yellow is between  white and brown.  Examples  of yellow are
          The sun, bananas, butter and cheese.

          * Descriptions Of Yellow.

          Amber.  Brownish yellow.
          Apple  Yellow.   Normally a  light  to dark  yellow or  yellowish
          green. Banana Yellow.  Moderate to light yellow.
          Bisque.   Pale orange yellow  to yellowish gray.   Also, moderate
               yellowish pink.
          Blond.  Light yellow or light golden.  
          Burnt Yellow.  Dark brownish yellow.
          Butter Yellow.  A moderate to rich yellow.
          Buttercup Yellow.  Glossy yellow.
          Butterscotch Yellow.  Golden or light brownish yellow.
          Canary Yellow.  Bright vivid yellow.
          Corn Yellow.  White to moderate yellow.
          Eggshell.  A pale yellow to yellowish white.
          Egg Yoke Yellow.  Strong yellow.
          Flaxen.  Pale yellow.
          Gold Or Golden.  Yellowish brown.
          Goldenrod.  Yellowish gold.
          Honey.  Yellowish or brownish or golden.
          Jaundice.  Yellowish.
          Lemon Yellow.  A brilliant, vivid yellow to greenish yellow.
          Mustard Yellow.  A dark yellow to light olive brown.
          Peach.  Light to strong yellowish pink or light orange.
          Pumpkin Yellow.  Yellowish orange to orange yellow.
          Sallow.  Sickly yellowish in hew.
          Salmon.    A moderate,  light,  or  strong  yellowish pink  to  a
               reddish orange or light orange.  Similar to shades of peach.
          Sun Burst Yellow.  Bright illuminating yellow.
          Sun Flower Yellow.  Brilliant yellow to strong or vivid yellowish
          Topaz.  Yellowish gold.
          Wheat.  Golden yellow.
          Xanthous.  Yellow.  Light brown or yellowish.

                                     5.0:  Black

               Black is a  dark color.  If  all colors are mixed,  black is
          the result.   Darkness is  called black and  the night  is called
          black if it is a starless moonless night.  In other  words, black
          is  the absence  of  light.    Ink  is  often  referred  to  when
          describing black as  well as oil from oil wells.  "Black as coal"
          is often used when describing the color black.

          * Descriptions Of Black.

          Charcoal.  Normally black or grayish black.
          Coal.  Very black and dull; no shine.
          Dusky.   The darker  shades of twilight;  shadowy grays  and dark
               blues and purples.
          Ebony.  Dark black.
          Inky.  Normally dark black or bluish black.
          Jet Black.  Dark, normally shiny or polished and solid black.
          Raven.  Very dark black.
          Sable.  Normally black.  sometimes grayish yellowish brown. 
          Shadowy.  Absence of color.  Darker than dusky.
          Somber.  Dark or dull in color.

                                     6.0:  Brown

               Brown is  between black  and yellow.   It is  a soft  color.
          Earth tones are usually shades  of brown.  Soil and  dirt, leaves
          which  have turned in the fall season,  and most woods are shades
          of brown.  

          * Descriptions Of Brown.

          Aeneous Or Aeneus.  A brassy or golden green color.
          Almond.  A pale tan to light brown.
          Auburn.  A moderate reddish brown to brown.
          Aureate.  A golden color.
          Beige.  Light grayish brown or yellowish brown to grayish yellow.
          Brass.  Between brown and gold.  Often polished and shiny.
          Bronze.  Yellowish olive  brown.
          Brunette.  Dark brown.
          Chestnut.  A moderate to deep reddish brown.
          Chocolate.  Normally light brown but can be dark.
          coco.  Light to dark brown.
          Coffee.  Darker shades of brown to deep brown.
          Dun.  A color  ranging from almost neutral brownish gray  to dull
               grayish brown.
          Ginger.  a strong brown.
          Hazel.  A light to strong brown or yellowish brown.
          Honey.  yellowish, brownish, golden.
          Leathery Brown.  Light to dark brown.
          Mole.  Light brown to dark gray.
          Mud.  Light to dark brown.
          Khaki.  Ranging from light olive brown to yellowish brown. 
          Mahogany.  A moderate reddish brown.
          Sandy.  Light grayish to light brown or yellowish brown.
          Sienna.  Brownish yellow to brownish orange.
          Tan.  Very light brown.
          Taupe.  Brownish gray to dark yellowish brown.
          Tawny.  Light brown to brownish orange.
          Toast.  Light brown.
          Umber.  Natural earth Brownish.

                                     7.0:  White

               White is the color of newly  fallen snow.  Shining stars are
          called white in a dark nights sky and though the moon  can appear
          anywhere  from  almost yellow  to  light orange,  it  is normally
          considered to be white.   Milk is also  white but not as  pure as
          snow white.

          * Descriptions Of White.

          Alabaster.  Translucent or tented white.
          Albescent.  A moderately white color; fair, whitish.
          Caucasian.  White but generally used as a generic color of white.
          Chalky.  Normally pale or dull white.  Can be grayish yellow.
          Creamy.  A pale yellow or off white.
          Dove White.  A soft shade of white.
          Egg Shell White.  Normally considered an off white.
          Iron.  Silvery white or light gray.
          Ivory.   Normally considered a creamy white  or off white but can
          be   a pale or grayish yellow as in the case of an elephant's 
          Lily White.  Pure white.
          Milky.  Off white or a darker white.
          Mother Of Pearl.  Yellowish white, grayish or silvery white.
          Pale.  Whitish; off white; less than pure white.
          Pallid.  Off white; less than pure white.
          Pearl.  Off yellow turning to pale or creamy white.
          Platinum White.  A metallic white.
          Sallow.  Sickly yellow in hew, pallid.
          Snow White.  Normally considered a pure white.
          Vanilla White.  Strong white.
          Wan.  Pale.

                                      8.0:  Gray

               Gray  is difficult  to  describe.   It is  a color  half way
          between black and white.  It can  be many shades of darker white.
          It is often  called a soft color and sometimes is called an earth
          tone.  The term, for example, "grey light," is in reference  to a
          color that  is nondescript but  has the quality of  light without
          distinction of color.

          * Descriptions Of Gray.

          Ashen.  Lacking color or slightly grayish.
          Brindle.  Grayish with stripes or spots of a darker color.
          Clay.  Light brown to light or dark gray.
          Fawn.   A grayish  yellowish brown to  light grayish  or moderate
               reddish brown or moderate yellowish pink. 
          Gun Metal Gray.  A metallic darker shade of gray.
          Haze.  Grayish.
          Pearl Gray.   Off white.  A  light gray, from yellowish  to light
               bluish gray.
          Pewter.  Silver gray.
          Pigeon Gray.  Any various shades of gray from light to dark.  
          Powder Gray.  A lighter shade of gray.
          Slate.  A dark gray to bluish gray.
          Steel.  A medium gray.
          Steel Gray.  A dark dray to almost a light purple.

                               9.0:  Purple And Violet

               Purple  and violet  are mixtures  of  red and  blue and  are
          darker  colors.   Purple  is  between violet  and  red and  often
          contains more red than does violet.  Plumbs are purple when fully

          * Descriptions Of Purple And Violet.

          Burgundy.  A dark grayish or blackish purple to dark purplish red
               or reddish brown.
          Lavender.   A light  purple to  very light  or very  pale violet.
          Lilac.  A pale to light or moderate purple. 
          Magenta.  A   moderate to vivid  purplish red, or dark  to strong
               reddish purple.
          Mauve.   A  brilliant violet  to  strong or  brilliant purple  to
               moderate reddish purple.
          Mulberry.  Dark purple; almost black at times. 
          Orchid.  A pale to light purple, from grayish to purplish pink to
               a strong reddish purple. 
          Plum.  Deep purple.
          Raspberry.  A moderate to dark or deep purplish red. 
          Royal Purple.  A deep to strong purple.
          Violet.  Reddish blue, purplish red.

                                    10.0:  Orange

               Orange is a color between red and yellow.   The orange fruit
          is unique in  its color and  is the best  example of this  color.
          The setting  sun can appear  orange as it approaches  the horizon
          and may also  turn bright  red before dropping  below it.   These
          same color changes in the sun appear during sunrise as well.  The
          shift  in  colors  of  the  sun is  largely  due  to  atmospheric
          conditions,  airborne  microscopic   dust  particles,  and  light
          refraction  from moisture  in the  air.   The  sun's rays  filter
          through  the elements  in the  atmosphere and  the result  is the
          change in the  sun's color.  Its basic color  is, however, almost
          always referred  to as yellow  and that is its  predominate color
          during the majority of the day.

          * Descriptions Of Orange.

          Apricot.  A  moderate, light, or strong orange  to orange yellow.
          Burnt Orange.  A dark brownish reddish orange.
          Ocher.  Moderate orange yellow.
          Saffron.  Strong to moderate orange yellow.
          Tangerine.  A strong reddish orange to strong or vivid orange.

                                     11.0:  Notes

               Achromic   means  Having  no  color  or  something  that  is
          colorless.   Calico means  multi colored or  spotted.   Glassy is
          shiny, normally polished, in appearance.  Vitreous 
          also  refers  to  a  glassy  appearance.    Enamel  is  a  glassy
          transparent coating over metals or ceramics  giving the objects a
          shiny and polished appearance.   Silver is metallic in nature and
          has reflective properties.   It can be polished  until it appears
          almost  white,  to some  degree, but  it  is not  a color  of the
          rainbow spectrum.  Silver was used on the backs of clear glass to
          create mirrors.  Because of the glass and the silver's ability to
          be highly polished, it would reflect images.  Argent is silver or
          something  resembling it.   Argentite  is a valuable  silver ore,
          with a lustrous, lead gray color.  

            The word "transparent "is colorless and something through which
          light  is  able to  pass  with little,  or  no,  obstruction.   A
          windowpane is a good example of something transparent.
          Translucent  means light can  pass through but  generally nothing
          can  be  clearly  seen  through  the  translucent object.    Many
          precious  stones are  translucent.    Objects  made  of  crystal,
          quartz, or diamond would fall into this category.
          Opaque,  on   the  other   hand,  is   neither  transparent   nor
          translucent.   It could be described as  cloudy or murky and that
          which is able to block out  most light.  Haze, or something  that
          is Hazy, is grayish and misty and thus mostly opaque.

                                    12.0:  Metals

          Note.  Metals are often used to describe color.

          * Descriptions Of Metals.

          Brass.  Between brown and gold.
          Bronze.  A moderate yellowish to olive brown. 
          Copper.  A reddish brown metallic element. 
          Iron.  A silvery white, lustrous, malleable, metallic element. 
          Lead.  Bluish white. 
          Nickel.    A  silvery,   hard,  ductile,  ferromagnetic  metallic
          Platinum.  Steel white.
          Silver.  A lustrous white, ductile, malleable metallic element. 
          Tin.  Silvery metallic. 
          Zinc.  A bluish white, lustrous metallic element. 

                       13.0:  Precious and Semi-precious Stones

          Note.   As with  metals, precious stones  are likewise  used when
          referring to color.

          * Descriptions Of Precious And Semi-precious Stones.

          Agate.  A fine grained, fibrous variety of chalcedony with
               color banding or irregular clouding.
          Amethyst.  A purple to violet transparent quartz.
          Basalt.  A hard, dense, dark volcanic rock composed chiefly
               of plagioclase,  augite, and  magnetite and  often having  a
               glassy                  appearance.
          Beryl Stone.  Sometimes pale green or perhaps yellow.
          Carbuncle.  A deep red garnet.
          Carnelian Or Cornelian.   A  pale to  deep red  or reddish  brown
               variety   of clear chalcedony, used in jewelry.
          Chert.  Any of various microscopically crystalline mineral
               varieties  of silica.  A siliceous  rock  of chalcedonic  or
               opaline silica occurring in limestone.
          Chryselephantine.  Made of gold and ivory.
          Chrysoberyl.   A  green  to  yellow vitreous  mineral  used as  a
          Chrysoprase.  An apple green chalcedony used as a gemstone.
          Crystalliferous Or  Crystalligerous.    Producing  or  containing
          Crystalline.    Pertaining to  or  made of  crystal.   Resembling
               crystal and transparent.
          Crystallite.   Any  of numerous  minute  rudimentary, crystalline
               bodies found in glassy igneous rocks.
          Diamond.  An extremely hard, highly refractive colorless or white
          Emerald.    A  brilliant,  transparent  green  beryl  used  as  a
          gemstone.      It is a  strong yellowish green.
          Garnet.  Any of several common, widespread silicate
               minerals,  occurring  in two  internally  isomorphic series,
               generally                   crystallized, often  imbedded in
               igneous  and metamorphic rocks,                      colored
          red,      brown, black, green, yellow, or white, and used both as
               gemstones and as abrasive.  Also a dark to very dark red.
          Garnetiferous.  Containing garnets.
          Garnierite.  An earthy, apple green mineral.
          Jacinth.  A blue precious stone.
          Jasper.  An opaque variety  of quartz, reddish, brown, or yellow.
          Krustallos.  Crystal.
          Onyx.   A kind  of chalcedony that  occurs in bands  of different
               colors and that is used as a gemstone.
          Opal.  A translucent  mineral of hydrated silicon  dioxide, often
               used as a gem.
          Quartz.  A hard, crystalline, vitreous mineral silicon.
          Quartziferous.  Containing quartz.
          Quartzite.       A   metamorphic   rock   resulting    from   the
               recrystallization of quartz sandstone.
          Sapphire.  A blue gym stone.
          Sapphirine.   Resembling sapphire:  A rare  light  blue or  green
               aluminum magnesium silicate mineral.
          Sard.  A clear or translucent deep orange red to brownish
               red chalcedony.
          Sarda.  A type of precious stone.
          Sardonyx.  An onyx with alternating brown and white bands
               of sard and other minerals.
          Topaz.  A blue, yellow, brown, or pink aluminum silicate mineral,
               often found in association with granitic rocks and valued as
               a gemstone  in the brown  and pink varieties.   Topaz stones
          are  generally golden in appearance.
          Turquoise.  Blue to greenish blue mineral used as a gym stone.

                                   End Of Document