THE MANIFESTATION OF THE HOLY SPIRIT

                                ROMANS 8:26-29

               "Likewise the Holy Spirit  also helps our  infirmities:
               For we know  not what we should  pray for as we  ought:
               But the  Holy Spirit Himself makes intercession  for us
               with groanings which  cannot be  uttered.   27 And  God
               that searches the hearts knows  what is the mind of the
               Holy Spirit, because the Holy Spirit makes intercession
               for the saints according to the will of God.  28 And we
               know that  all things  work together  for good  to them
               that love God, to them  who are the called according to
               His  purpose.  29 For whom He did foreknow, He also did
               predestinate to be conformed  to the image of His  Son,
               that He might be the firstborn among many brethren."


               The nature and personality of the Holy Spirit is revealed in
          the  (fruit of  the Spirit):  "Love,  joy, peace,  longsuffering,
          gentleness, goodness,  faith, meekness,  and  temperance."1   His
          power, on the other hand, is revealed in "word of wisdom, word of
          knowledge,  faith,  gifts  of   healing,  working  of   miracles,
          prophecy, discerning of spirits, divers kinds of tongues, and the
          interpretation  of tongues."2  The word "manifestation" used in I
          Corinthians  12:7: "But the manifestation  of the Spirit is given
          to every man to prophet with all," is only used one other time in
          the New Testament.  It means  (exhibition) or quite literally  to
          (display publicly).  It is interesting to note that His character
          traits listed in Galatians 5:22-23  are called the "fruit" of the
          Spirit;  not the (fruits)  - plural.   This indicates  a unity of
          personality  and  thus completeness.    We would  never  think of
          extracting  or eliminating any of the aspects of the fruit of the
          Spirit; yet  many Christians  today are  sinuously eliminating  a
          number  of  those things  listed  in I  Corinthians  12:8-12 when
          considering the  power of  the Holy Spirit.   Again we  must note
          that  His  power  is  revealed  as  a "manifestation,"3  and  not
          (manifestations) - plural.   If it is  proper to omit any  of the
          nine aspects of His power - manifestation - it should likewise be
          proper to eliminate aspects of His personality - fruit.
               Now that we have examined the ministry of the Holy Spirit as
          one who takes up  partnership with us as we pray, we need to look
          at  how He  displays [manifests]  Himself in  prayer.   Since His
          ministry  is largely  one  of (making  intercession), we  need to
          become acquainted with His prayers in our behalf.  Our text under
          study  reveals  the  nature of  intercession  and  such knowledge
          should change the way we pray.

                                  CHAPTER 3

                                POWER PRAYERS

               Although the Holy Spirit  is often considered to  be passive
          in nature; quietly working behind the  scenes,  Scripture reveals
          something far different.   His power was at work, for example, in
          creation as  he hovered over the  waters.4  Mary was  informed by
          an angelic messenger that as a virgin she would conceive and give
          birth  to the Son of God.  When she questioned how this could be,
          she was told it would be by  the power of the Holy Ghost.5  Jesus
          told His disciples  that the Gospel itself would be propagated by
          the power  of the  Holy Spirit.6   The entire  book of  Acts, for
          that matter, demonstrates  the force of the  New Testament church
          is  totally  dependant   upon  the  power  of   the  Holy Spirit.
          Furthermore,   the  miracle of  regeneration  occurs when  we are
          sealed  by the  power of  the Holy Spirit.7   The  Holy Spirit is
          also credited  with the  inspiration of Holy  Scripture.8   It is
          even  the  Holy Spirit   who  was  responsible  for   the  bodily
          resurrection of Christ, and the subsequent resurrection of saints
          at the end of this age.9
               From this  Scriptural evidence, there  can be no  doubt that
          the miracle  working power of  God is made available  through the
          manifestation  of  the  Holy Spirit.    It  should  be   no  less
          surprising, therefore, that the text under study, Romans 8:26-29,
          also reveals this  same manifested power  is demonstrated in  the
          intercessory prayers  of the Holy Spirit.

                               AUTHORED PRAYERS

          The  Apostle  Paul introduces  the  subject  of (praying  in  the
          Spirit) by  saying:  "Likewise the Holy  Spirit also..."  The two
          words   "likewise"  and  "also"   means  (in  like   manner)  and
          (additionally).    Thus Paul  is  comparing  the  prayers of  the
          Holy Spirit  to something he  has already stated  within context.
          To what was he referring?  If Romans 8 is read carefully,  it can
          be clearly seen  that Paul was referring  to what he had  said in
          Romans 8:16:   "The Holy Spirit  bears witness  with our  spirit,
          that we are the children of God."  
               The One who bears witness with our spirit, or         (holds
          forth the truth), does  so  with power and authority.  Paul  ties
          this character trait of the Holy Spirit's, power and authority as
          the truth  bearer, to  the One who  also "Makes  intercession for
               As I stated  in Chapter 2, the Greek  interpretation of this
          first  mentioning  of  (makes intercession) in  Romans 8:26 means
          simply that prayers are made [created] for us by the Holy Spirit.
          Thus, the Holy Spirit  intercedes for us by making,  creating, or
          originating prayers.   In a  very real sense the  Holy Spirit, as
          the One who bears witness  with our spirit,  authors prayers  for
          us and  He does so with all the  power and authority in character
          with  His nature as  the Truth Bearer identified  in Romans 8:16.
          The question is, how does He do this.

                             ARTICULATED PRAYERS

               Lawyers serve as intercessors - skillful articulators of the
          lawful   language  of  the   court  -  which   provides  suitable
          representation for  laymen  unfamiliar with  court procedure  and
          language.  In  a similar way we have  spiritual representation in
          the supernatural  realm.   The Holy Spirit,  as our  intercessor,
          skillfully   articulates  our  prayers  before  the  Father  with
          "groanings   which  cannot   be  uttered."     These  spiritually
          articulated prayers secure  every word as we pray  in the Spirit;
          transcending all human comprehension and knowledge.
               The  dictionary  defines  articulation  as  "To  express  or
          formulate clearly and logically - distinctly uttered."  Most fail
          to spend much time in prayer because we have so often experienced
          the  inability to express  the true nature  of our   petitions in
          human terms.   Some  how the  human language just  seems to  fall
          short of what we really mean and feel.  The results of repetitive
          petitionings  and   decorous  prayers is  spiritual emptiness and
          frustration as  well  as neglect.    Add to  this the  effect  of
          demonic forces  which war  against us as  we pray;  attempting to
          frustrate  the forth coming answer, and  it is understandable why
          we  spend  so little  time  with  our Lord.    It is  comforting,
          therefore, to  know that we have  one who is able  to spiritually
          articulate  our prayers with preciosity in terms fully understood
          by  our Heavenly Father.    These  supernatural  prayers  of  the
          Holy Spirit ar  distinct utterances  in the  spiritual realm  and
          thus are  beyond the  nature  of human  speech.   When  we  pray,
          therefore,  we  need  only  rest  in  our  partnership  with  the
          Holy Spirit  who will  manifest Himself  as  an intercessor  with
          prayers too deep for words.  

               From our text, we learn that the nature of the Holy Spirit's
          intercessory  prayers are  "groanings which  cannot be  uttered."
          This old English  form of speech  looses nearly  all of its  true
          meaning in  modern vernacular.  To us, "groanings" would probably
          mean something like  (moanings); "uttered" would have  little, if
          any, real meaning at all.  Without examining the Greek therefore,
          we  might  conclude  that  the  prayers  of  the Holy Spirit  are
          wordless mumblings.   Such communications  would be  purposeless;
          but from  the very reading of the  text itself, we must recognize
          that  these are intercessory prayers which are clearly understood
          by our Heavenly Father.
               The  Greek rendering of this phrase, "groanings which cannot
          be  uttered,"  is (sighs  which  are  unspeakable).   This  is  a
          statement of  nature not content.   As  one who  has lived  their
          entire life  in the  midwest, I would  probably refer  to someone
          from  the state  of Alabama,  for example,  as having  a southern
          accent.  This has nothing to do with the content of what  one has
          spoken;  it merely  is in  reference to  their nature  of speech.
          Paul is  likewise referring  to the  nature of  the Holy Spirit's
          prayers.  They are prayers  offered with such spiritual depth and
          earnestness  that they are beyond human words of description.  
               Consider  describing in  detail the  beauty of a  rainbow to
          someone  born  blind.    There  are  simply  no  human  words  of
          description which would  bring comprehension to  the mind of  one
          who  has never  seen.   From  one's tone  of voice,  however, and
          expression   of  awe,  a   blind  person  would   certainly  gain
          intellectual insight to  the beauty of the rainbow,  even if they
          had  no  comprehension of  color.    We  can conclude  the  same,
          therefore,  from   Paul's  description  of   prayers  which   the
          Holy Spirit offers in our behalf.  They are  prayers too deep for

               As already  stated,   a simple  reading   of our  text would
          perhaps leave one to conclude that the prayers of the Holy Spirit
          are  wordless mumblings  without   form  or substance.   This  is
          certainly  not true  since our  Heavenly Father understands  them
          perfectly.  The phrase, "which  cannot be uttered," simply  means
          unspeakable.   The  Apostle Paul  made use  of this  word  in his
          experience  of being  caught up  into the  third heaven  which he
          described in  II Corinthians 12.  In  verse 4 of that  chapter he
          said that in  Paradise he heard unspeakable words,  "which is not
          lawful for man to utter." He heard them but what he heard was not
          describable  in human terms.   So it  is with the  prayers of the
          Holy Spirit.   His prayers  are beyond  man's natural ability  to
          speak.  Thus they are unutterable to him.

               The ocean dolphin is a  good example of the true  meaning of
          "groanings  which cannot be  uttered."  They  communicate between
          themselves by using high frequency chirps, squeaks,  and whistles
          under water.  Man is unable to hear these  sounds without special
          underwater equipment.   Even  with such equipment;  we are  still
          unable  to interpret  their language.   To  say that  the dolphin
          makes unutterable sounds  in today's manner of  speaking would be
          incorrect.    Not,  however,  in   the  day  of  the   King James
          translators.  They used this  form of translation to indicate the
          words  which  are  used   by  the  Holy Spirit  in  prayer   were
          supernatural and  beyond man's  ability to  interpret.   In man's
          element  the  prayers  of the  Holy Spirit  are  indescribable or
          unspeakable.   Similarly, the dolphin's  sounds are uttered  in a
          realm unnatural  to that of  man and thus we  do not hear  them. 
          They are  not unutterable,  therefore, simply  unnatural to  man.
          Such are the prayers of the Holy Spirit.

               No where in  Scripture is it  recorded that the  Holy Spirit
          spoke audibly.  God the Father spoke audibly on several occasions
          to men  on earth and of course Jesus  did also during His earthly
          ministry.   The Holy Spirit  on the other  hand has only  done so
          when speaking  through others.   Such  is the case  in Acts  2:4:
          "And  they were  all filled  with the  Holy Spirit, and  began to
          speak  with other tongues,  [languages,] as the  Holy Spirit gave
          them utterance."  The verse proceeding this statement in Acts 2:3
          describes this occurrence:  "And there appeared  unto them cloven
          tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them."  The word
          "cloven"  means (split)  or  (divided).    The  purpose  of  this
          supernatural appearance of split, or divided, tongues of fire was
          symbolic.  The one hundred twenty that had been in the upper room
          praying  were  awaiting   the  promised   manifestation  of   the
          Holy Spirit.10   As they did  so, the house suddenly  filled with
          a mighty rushing sound of wind from Heaven,  and the supernatural
          phenomenon of  fire that  appeared as  tongue-like manifestations
          sat  over each  one; the  result  was the  speaking of  languages
          unknown, unfamiliar,   to them  personally.11  We know  they were
          languages  because   at  least seventeen  known   languages  were
          identified by  the onlookers.12   It should  be obvious  from the
          context, however, that there  were many more languages  than just
          the seventeen.13   It is very likely,  in my opinion,   that each
          of the one hundred twenty spoke a different language as they were
          all  individually  filled with  the  Holy Spirit.   What  was the
          purpose of this supernatural manifestation of the Holy Spirit?
               I  believe  there  are  at   least  four  reasons  for   the
          manifestation of the Holy Spirit as recorded in Acts 2:4.  First,
          it confirmed the words of Jesus in John 14 and 16 as well as Acts
          1.  The disciples were promised that the Comforter would come and
          come He did in  Acts 2:4.  He did so with  such manifested  power
          there could be no denial.
               Secondly, Acts 2:4 signaled the  church age and the power of
          God was made available to  the church through the direct ministry
          of the Holy Spirit.
               Thirdly,  Acts 2:4 was a supernatural demonstration of God's
          power  to  the lost  and  helped  to  spread the  Gospel  rapidly
          throughout the known world by those who witnessed the event.  One
          must note,  however, that  the manifestation  of tongues  was not
          itself used to spread the Gospel to the known world.
               Finally, Acts  2:4, as well  as subsequent  passages in  the
          book of Acts,  confirmed the difference between  Ephesians 1:13 -
          being sealed by the Holy Spirit at the moment of salvation  - and
          Acts 2:4 - being filled with the Holy Spirit for power.
               Shortly before our Lord's return  to Heaven, He appeared  to
          His  disciples and  breathed on  them and  said, "Receive  ye the
          Holy Ghost."14  Ephesians 1:13   confirms we are sealed with  the
          Holy Spirit  of promise  when confession  is made  that Jesus  is
          Lord.  Acts 2:4, on the other hand, confirms the witnessing power
          of the Holy Spirit when one is filled.  

               The question is often raised,  "what were the cloven tongues
          of fire?"  These were  supernatural manifestations of fire  which
          appeared  as tongue-like  figures and  sat over  each of  the one
          hundred  twenty as  they  spoke new  languages.   These  luminous
          apparitions  were tongue-like  forms  which  appeared over  each;
          demonstrating the presence of  the Holy Spirit as they  spoke new
          languages unfamiliar to them personally.  The onlookers confessed
          exactly that:
               "Now  when this was  noised abroad, the  multitude came
               together, and  were confounded, because that  every man
               heard them speak  in his own language.    And they were
               all  amazed  and  marveled,  saying,  one  to  another,
               Behold, are not these  which speak Galileans?  And  how
               hear we  every man in  our own tongue, wherein  we were
          The appearance of  the tongue-like flames of fire  were simply to
          demonstrate  the presence  of the  Holy Spirit  as He  manifested
          Himself in supernatural speech.
               As is so  often the case, the skeptical  and unbelieving try
          to explain the miraculous of God by human means.   The dubious in
          this   crowd   accused   these   Spirit  filled   Christians   of
          drunkenness; although  it was  only mid  morning  when they  made
          their  charge.   Upon hearing  this,  Peter switched,  apparently
          without difficulty, back  to the common language of  the day; and
          explained to them what they were currently witnessing.  This also
          demonstrates  that although they  spoke "as the  Spirit gave them
          utterance," they were not controlled.
               As I mentioned  earlier, the word "cloven"  means (split) or
          (divided).   This aspect of the manifestation simply demonstrated
          the disciples were speaking divided languages - languages unknown
          to them  personally.  The on-lookers clearly recognized this from
          the beginning according to  the context.  Simply put, Acts 2:4 is
          a  supernatural manifestation  by  the  Holy Spirit of  spiritual
          articulation:  "As the Holy Spirit gave them utterance."

               Paul informed us  that the  prayers of  the Holy Spirit  are
          "groanings  which  cannot  be  uttered."    If  this  King  James
          rendering  is literal, it  theologically conflicts with  Acts 2:4
          which  confirms that  the Holy Spirit's  utterances are  audible:
          "And they all began to speak with other tongues/languages, as the
          Spirit  gave them utterance." Presumably, when the Holy Spirit of
          God desires to do so, His  utterances can be verbalized by Spirit
          filled men.   Romans 8:26 does not  say that  the prayers of  the
          Holy Spirit  are unutterable; but rather the Greek discloses that
          the prayers are (unspeakable.)  This must be interpreted  to mean
          humanly,  that is, naturally, because we know the Heavenly Father
          understands these prayers.   According to Acts 2:4,  if there are
          Spirit filled persons  available, the spiritual articulations  of
          the  Holy Spirit  are utterable  -  made  audible  - as  He,  the
          Holy Spirit;  wills.    Could  Paul  perhaps    be  referring  to
          something entirely different when he spoke  of the prayers of the
          Holy Spirit as "groanings which  cannot be uttered?"  This  would
          be a good  time to make a conscientious examination  of the other
          Biblical references to  the tongues phenomenon  to see if  indeed
          Paul  was referring  to  something unique;  thus in  the process,
          perhaps   we  can gain  greater  spiritual insight  to "groanings
          which cannot be uttered."

               The book  of Acts  records  three specific  accounts of  the
          tongues phenomenon.  Acts 2 details the day of Pentecost when one
          hundred twenty disciples were all filled with the Holy Spirit and
          began  to  speak  divided  languages.    Acts  10  records  Peter
          ministering to the house of  Cornelius, a gentile, and they, too,
          were filled with  the Holy Spirit and began to  speak in tongues.
          The third account  is found in  Acts 19.   Paul is credited  with
          ministering  to the twelve  men at the  church in Ephesus  by the
          laying  on of  hands.   They likewise  were  all filled  with the
          Holy Spirit and began to speak in tongues.  
               There are  additionally three  other possible references  in
          the book of Acts to the tongues experience.  AFter Peter and John
          preached in  the synagogue  in  Acts 3,  they were  taken by  the
          leadership  and threatened  concerning  the doctrines  they  were
          teaching.    These two  men  testified  of  these events  to  the
          Jerusalem  church in  Acts 4  and  upon the  conclusion of  their
          witness, the church  began to praise  and worship  God.  As  they
          concluded their  worship, a  very similar  experience took  place
          that parallels that of  the Acts 2  record.  Although tongues  is
          not  mentioned in  this  occurrence, it  would  be poor  Biblical
          hermeneutics to dismiss the comparison.
               Philip  the  evangelist traveled  to Samaria  in Acts  8 and
          preached the  gospel.  The  Samaritans were  converted and  water
          baptized.16   Peter  and John,  however,  were dispatched  by the
          Jerusalem leadership to go  to Samaria to lay hands  on these new
          Christians that  they might  receive the  "Holy Ghost."17   Again
          we  find no  mention of  tongues, but  it would  be  difficult to
          believe  that Peter and John expected  something less, since they
          were specifically sent to lay  hands on the Samaritans to receive
          the Holy Ghost.  
               Finally there  is the  account of  Paul's own  conversion in
          Acts 9.  Ananias, a disciple of the Lord in Damascus, was told by
          the Lord in  a vision to go and  lay hands on Paul.   Ananius was
          commanded by the Lord Himself to  do this for two reasons:   That
          Paul might receive his physical sight and that he, Paul, might be
          filled with the  Holy Ghost.18  When the one  hundred twenty were
          filled  with  the  Holy Spirit  in  Acts  2:4,  they  spoke  with
          tongues/languages.  We cannot assume anything less for Paul since
          he confessed  to the Corinthians; "I  thank my God, I  speak with
          tongues more than ye all."19  
               We  find additional proof  that the apostle  Paul spoke with
          tongues when he was filled with the  Holy Spirit in Acts 19 as he
          later meets with the twelve men  in the church of Ephesus.   They
          confessed, when interrogated  by Paul,  that they  had never even
          heard  of the  Holy Spirit.20   Verse  (6) says  that Paul  "Laid
          hands"  on them and the Holy Ghost  came upon them and they spake
          with tongues.   The only laying on  of hands with which  Paul was
          familiar was that of his own experience in Acts 9.   There can be
          no doubt,  therefore, that Paul  spoke with tongues  when Ananius
          laid hands on him in Damascus.
               The book of Acts spans at least  twenty years.  The practice
          of laying  on of hands  and the receiving  of the filling  of the
          Spirit  was common place in the early church.  Apostles were sent
          specifically to lay hands on new converts that they might receive
          the  Holy Spirit, Paul  himself experienced  the  same, and  even
          Peter was sent by the Lord to minister the same to gentiles.  The
          early  church recognized the  difference between being  sealed by
          the Holy Spirit at the moment  of salvation and being filled with
          the Holy Spirit for power.  They also recognized that speaking in
          tongues - new languages - was the evidence experienced by the one
          being filled  with the Spirit as  well as the fulfillment  of the
          promise  of Jesus:    "And  these signs  shall  follow them  that
          believe; in my name they shall cast out devils; they  shall speak
          with new tongues."21

               Paul's letter to  the church of Ephesus  included a reminder
          that   they  should   continue   in   being   filled   with   the
          Holy Spirit.22   The  Greek, in  this command  to be  filled with
          the Spirit, is literally (be being filled) with  the Holy Spirit.
          Paul,  by  inspiration  of the  Holy Spirit,  was  commanding the
          church at Ephesus  to continue being filled with the Holy Spirit.
          The  only knowledge that they could have had of being filled with
          the Holy Spirit  was that  which had been  ministered to  them by
          Paul when he  laid hands on them in Acts 19.   He encouraged them
          to  continue  in what  they  had  received  and he  offered  them
          Scriptural help in maintaining the Spirit filled life.23

               By  far  the  most  controversial  chapter  in  all  of  the
          New Testament is I Corinthians 14. Many insist that Paul wrote to
          the Corinthian church and condemned  their usage of tongues.  Yet
          in the epistle  he affirmed that what he was teaching them on the
          subject   of  tongues   were  the   "commands  of  God."24     He
          immediately followed  this statement  of authority  by commanding
          them not to forbid the speaking in tongues in verse (39).

          THE PURPOSE
               Paul makes several  sententious statements on the subject of
          tongues in I Corinthians 14:   One who speaks  in tongues does so
          "unto  God;"  [14:2].    Tongues  is  speaking   in  the  Spirit;
          "mysteries," (secrets)  [14:2].  Tongues "edifieth,"  or, (builds
          up), [14:4].  He even confesses  his desire is for "all to  speak
          in   tongues,"  [14:5].     furthermore,   e   states  that   the
          interpretation  of tongues  in  the  church  is  for  "edifying;"
          [14:5].  He  also instructed that when tongues are used by one in
          the church, he  should first pray  that he,  the one speaking  in
          tongues, "may interpret;"  [14:13].  Praying in tongues  is to do
          so  with one's human  spirit; not the  "mind/intellect;" [14:14].
          Paul  also boldly confessed  to both  "praying" and  "singing" in
          tongues [14:15],   and  Apparently it is  also possible  to bless
          someone  in tongues  with  one's  human  spirit  according  to  I
          Corinthians 14:17-18.   Paul even  said he spoke in  tongues more
          than  anyone in  the Corinthian  church  [14:18].   He also  gave
          instructions  that  tongues  were for  a  sign  for "unbelievers"
          [14:22],   which  was  exactly  what  took  place  in  Acts  2:4.
          Beginning  in  I Corinthians 14:27  and  continuing  through  the
          balance of  the chapter,  Paul offers  instructions for  usage of
          tongues in  the local church.   He concludes  his remarks  on the
          subject  in the final  verse by saying;  "Let all things  be done
          decently and in  order."  That is the purpose of the church; that
          all things be done, and be done in  order.  To conclude that this
          chapter is simply not applicable for today's church would  negate
          that "all things be done."
               Paul  not only encouraged  the Corinthian Christian  to seek
          the  spirituals,25   but  recognized   their  zeal   for  such.26
          Their  problem was thinking that speaking in tongues demonstrated
          superior spirituality and  Paul rebuke them for their  pride.  He
          gave  them instruction,  therefore, on  how such  zeal should  be
          directed in  a public  church service and  that in  such meetings
          they were to  preach in the known  language of the day.   Tongues
          were certainly acceptable from two, or at the most three persons,
          [see verses 27 and 28], during a church meeting; but there should
          immediately follow an  interpretation.  If an  interpretation was
          given, then that interpretation was to be judged by the spiritual
          leadership of the  church for doctrinal soundness.   If there was
          no  interpretation offered, the one  speaking in tongues was then
          to remain  silent.27   In contrast,  the Corinthian  Believer was
          instructed not to remain silent  if speaking to himself - implied
          privately - for spiritual  edification, and as he did  so, he was
          speaking to God.28

               It is clear  that the Holy Spirit began His  ministry in the
          church  in Acts 2:4 and  His manifestation of  power continued on
          throughout  the early church.   Being filled with the Holy Spirit
          was associated with the  laying on of hands,  in most cases,  and
          the speaking of tongues.   Paul instructed the Ephesians in their
          letter  to continue in  what they had received  in Acts 19 by the
          laying on  of hands.   He likewise instructed the  Corinthians on
          the purpose of practicing tongues  both in public and in private.
          He, the Apostle Paul, through the  inspiration of the Holy Spirit
          even warned  those who  might attempt to  forbid the  speaking of
          tongues after his epistle had been read in their hearing.   It is
          also often argued that the  tongues experience was limited to the
          three occurrences  recorded in the  book of Acts; a  more careful
          examination of  Scripture would prove it was the norm and not the
          exception.   It is even suggested that  tongues disappeared after
          the death of  the last apostle, but  no one is able  to determine
          when that may have been or how many there were.  
               The  greatest supporting evidence  that the sign  of tongues
          has ceased is usually taken from I Corinthians 13:8-10:

               Charity   never  faileth:     But   whether  there   be
               prophecies,  they shall fail; whether there be tongues,
               they shall cease;  wether there be knowledge,  it shall
               vanish  away.  For we know  in part, and we prophesy in
               part.   But when  that which is  perfect is  come, then
               that which is in part shall be done away.

               The key  issue in  this text  is the meaning  of "When  that
          which is perfect is come."  Some choose to interpret this to mean
          the Scriptures.   When the  Scriptures, or the Bible  itself, was
          complete; tongues should have passed away.  If this is true, then
          we must also conclude that prophecies and knowledge must likewise
          have  passed away  when  the  Bible was  finally  canonized.   In
          Chapter 14  of  i Corinthians Paul  identifies prophesy  as   the
          preaching of  God's Word for the  edification of the church.   If
          tongues  ceased  upon  the  completion  of  Scripture,  then  the
          preaching of the Word and knowledge likewise must cease.
               The   Greek   translation   of   the   word   "perfect"   in
          i Corinthians 13  is (perfection); not  the word rhema  or logos;
          the Greek  terms for  The Word. This  is substantiated  by Paul's
          further teaching in 1 Corinthians 13:12:  "For now we see through
          a glass, darkly, but then face to face:  Now I know  in part, but
          then shall I know even as also I  am known."  We  must agree that
          we today also see  through a glass darkly.  Know  one can confess
          all Scripture as properly interpreted today for there will always
          be a differing of opinions in  many minor areas of Bible thought.
          There is coming a day, however, when we will see face-to-face and
          will be known even as we ar known by God:

               "Beloved, now are  we the sons of God,  and it doth not
               yet appear what we shall be:  But we know that, when He
               shall appear,  we shall be  like Him; for we  shall see
               Him as He is."29

          When this  perfection takes  place,  all things  which have  gone
          before  will  cease,  including  the  preaching  of  God's  Word,
          knowledge, and tongues.

               Upon concluding I Corinthians 13, it  is suggested that Paul
          confirmed the passing  of the usage of tongues  by today's church
          because he said only three gifts remain:
          "And now abideth  faith, hope, and charity, these  three; but the
          greatest  of  these is  charity."30    If  this were  true,  that
          tongues passed  away and there are only three remaining spiritual
          gifts, we  would also  therefore have to  conclude that  the five
          gifts of the church recorded in Ephesians 4 - apostles, prophets,
          evangelists,  pastors and teachers - were  also eliminated and we
          would  by necessity  have to  eliminate  Romans 12; the  gifts of
          helps.  We  would even be obligated to  eliminate (knowledge) and
          (prophesy( - preaching  if such interpretation is  to be followed
          to its  logical end.   Paul's statement  is simply  one of  fact.
          These three are, or will always remain, even when we see our Lord
          face-to-face with  glorified bodies.  We will live eternally with
          Him  and faith,  hope,  and  love will  continue  since they  are
          eternal.  I Corinthians 13:13  could be read in  the Corinthian's
          day and in our day and  in every generation to follow because  it
          is  eternal.    Tongues,  knowledge,   miracles,  water  baptism,
          resurrection,  judgment, communion, all will pass away when Jesus

          FINAL PROOF
               There  is one  unbending Biblical  reference which  confirms
          tongues  is for  today's church.    Upon being  accused of  being
          drunken  at nine o'clock  in the morning,  Peter stood, switching
          back into the common language of the day, and began to explicate:

               But Peter, standing up   with the eleven, lifted up his
               voice, and said unto them, "Ye men of judea, and all ye
               that dwell at  Jerusalem, be this  known unto you,  and
               harken to my  words:  For these  are not drunken, as ye
               suppose, seeing  it is but  the third hour of  the day.
               But this is that which  was spoken by the prophet Joel;
               and it shall come to pass in the  last days, saith God,
               I will  pour out of my Spirit  upon all flesh; and your
               sons  and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young
               men  shall see  visions, and  your old men  shall dream
               dreams:   And on  my servants and  on my  handmaidens I
               will  pour out  in those  days of  my Spirit;  and they
               shall  prophesy:   And  I will  show wonders  in heaven
               above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire,
               and  vapor of  smoke:   The  sun shall  be turned  into
               darkness, and the moon into blood before that great and
               notable day  of the Lord  come:   And it shall  come to
               pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord
               shall be saved.31

               Peter makes it as  clear as anyone.  He  explained, what was
          currently  being  witnessed  by  the  crowd, was  for  "the  last
          days."32  He  even attributed this statement to  the Lord; "saith
          God."33    He  parenthetically confirmed  this  entire  period of
          time in Acts 2:21 by saying these are the days upon which men may
          call upon the  Lord to  be saved.   This period of  time is  made
          available until  that  "great and  notable  day of  the  Lord."34
          The Apostle  Peter, who  was filled with  the Holy Spirit  at the
          time, and  thus speaking  with the  authority  of God,  confirmed
          tongues as evidence of the  Holy Spirit's manifested power in the
          New Testament church.   We  are living in  "the last  days;" that
          period of time when men may call upon the name  of the Lord to be
          saved.  Acts 2 ushers in the  ministry of the Holy Spirit in  the
          age  of  the  New Testament  church  and one  way  His  power  is
          manifested is revealed in tongues, or, the ability to spiritually
          articulate  languages unknown by  the speaker as  the Holy Spirit
          gives them utterance.
               I  think  it also  important  to  note  that Peter  did  not
          continue to speak  in tongues as he preached  this Gospel message
          to the on-lookers but  preached to them in the common language of
          the day  to explain  what they were  witnessing.35   Some suggest
          the purpose of tongues was limited to the  early church simply to
          help the Gospel to be spread worldwide rapidly.  If this is true,
          it  cannot be proven from Acts 2 or any other New Testament text;
          nor is there  ever any Biblical instruction  given by any  of the
          inspired New Testament  writers in  how  such should  be used  to
          spread the Gospel of  our Lord.  It is unquestionably  God's will
          for  the known  language of  those hearing  the Biblical  message
          preached to be  the vehicle of transmission and  not the speaking
          of tongues.   This  is, in  fact, why  Paul was  inspired by  the
          Holy Spirit to instruct the Corinthians in I Corinthians 14 since
          they were using the gift of tongues incorrectly.


               If   Paul  wrote  to  us  concerning   the  prayers  of  the
          Holy Spirit  in Romans 8:26, "groanings which cannot be uttered,"
          the only form of prayer, common to the Holy Spirit, with which he
          would  be familiar; would be that referred  to as (praying in the
          Spirit), or  (praying in tongues).   These are prayers  of power;
          too deep for human words.  They are prayers which the Holy Spirit
          creates  perspicuously by  His own  nature and authority  as God.
          Paul was  familiar with  speaking in  tongues and  even confirmed
          that  he  spoke  in  tongues  more than  any  one  he  personally
          knew.36 If,  in Romans 8:26, he  is referring to  something else,
          he  never made  this clear  in  any of  his other  writings.   He
          instructed   the  Corinthians   that   praying  in   tongues  was
          spiritually edifying and when one did so, he was speaking secrets
          to  God.37    I  believe  that the  (groanings  which  cannot  be
          uttered) are   a  direct reference  to the  power prayers of  the
          Holy Spirit; evidenced  by one praying in the Spirit - (tongues).
          If  one chooses  to interpret  this phrase  differently, the  one
          thing we all would agree on without question; is that the prayers
          of  the Holy Spirit  are prayers  of  power and  He offers  these
          intercessory prayers of power in our behalf according to the will
          of God.

          Footnotes For Chapter 3

               1 Gal. 5:22-23
               2 I Cor. 12:8-10
               3 I Cor. 12:7
               4 Gen. 1:2
               5 Luke 1:34-35
               6 Acts 1:8
               7 Eph. 1:13
               8 II Peter 1:21 & II Tim. 3:16
               9 Rom. 8:11
               10 Acts 1:4-8
               11 Acts 2:3
               12 Acts 2:9-12
               13 Acts 2:5
               14 John 20:22
               15 Acts 2:6-8
               16 Acts 8:12
               17 Acts 8:14-17
               18 Acts 9:17
               19 I Cor. 14:18
               20 Acts 19:2
               21 Mark 16:17
               22 Eph. 5:18
               23 Eph. 5:17-21
               24 I Cor. 14:38
               25 I Cor. 14:1
               26 I Cor. 14:12
               27 I Cor. 14:28
               28 I Cor. 14:28
               29 I John 3:2
               30 I Cor. 3:13
               31 Acts 2:14-21
               32 acts 2:17
               33 Acts 2:17
               34 Acts 2:21
               35 Acts 2:14
               36 I Cor. 14:18
               37 I Cor. 14:2

                            End Of Chapter 3

                            PRAYING IN THE SPIRIT


                                 PHIL SCOVELL

                             Copyright 1989/2004

                               By Phil Scovell

                             All Rights Reserved

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